Social Protection/Vulnerable Families Assistance Project
Donor: World Vision International Nepal
The 7.8 magnitude earthquake that shook the country of Nepal on April 25th, 2015 affected 39 out of Nepal’s 75 districts, with an estimated 8.1 million people living in these 39 districts. Just seventeen days after the initial earthquake, a 7.3 magnitude earthquake followed, exacerbating the humanitarian situation. The government’s Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) released in late June 2015 indicates that the earthquake has disproportionately affected the poorer, rural locations, and that the effects of the earthquake will push an additional 2.5% to 3.5% of the population into poverty – translating into at least an additional 700,000 poor, of which 50%-70% percent will come from the rural hills and mountain areas which already had high vulnerability prior to the earthquake.
The Shelter Cluster “Nepal Earthquake Recovery Assessment Report released in November, 2015 reported that number of households in the 14 priority districts declared by the government are vulnerable (23% are female headed, 33% are elderly headed and 1% are child headed). Those who are living at 1,500 meters above sea level are also facing huge challenge during winter as the temperature is freezing. This means these families may require additional commodities and fuel to help in meeting their basic needs.
The project target the most vulnerable households (including, single women, female and child headed households, households with pregnant and lactating mothers, elderly and differently able dependents, and socially excluded groups) in the communities who have limited ability to provide for themselves through cash transfer to increase the access of vulnerable population to basic necessities and/or services as food, shelter, water, medicine and livelihood assets. Additionally, awareness sessions on different wellbeing enhancing topics will be conducted for the targeted beneficiaries. Social Protection/Vulnerable Familes’ Assistance Project is being implemented in Gorkha (Kerabari,Gyachok, and Hansapur VDCs), Northern Gorkha (Samagaun, Lho, Prok, Bihi. Chumchet, Chaikampar, and Sirdibas VDCs), Nuwakot (Bidur municipality, Narjamandap, Haldekalika, and Sundaradevi VDCs), and Sindhupalchok (Haibung, Bhotechaur, Kuvinde, Sangachok, Sanosirubari, Pipaldanda, and Phulpingkot VDCs) targeting approximately 9750 HHs.
This project will transfer cash with an amount ranging from 7,500 NRP per month to identified households for 5 months. The minimum amount (7,500 NRP) accounts for about 75% of the average minimum expenditure basket advised by the Cash Coordination Group (CCG) to cover the basic needs such as food, shelter, health, education, medicine, transportation for a household of five for one month. The length of subsidy is formulated considering the harvest season in Nepal will not start until June and July, which means vulnerable households will have less income to supply for themselves. The support aims to reduce their economic vulnerability that may render them susceptible to different form of deprivation.
Project Goal and Objectives
Goal: To increase the most vulnerable communities’ access to basic necessities and/ or services as well as knowledge on issues that affect their well-being through cash transfer.
- To provide support to the most vulnerable population identified through community and local government consultation to enhance their accessibility to basic necessities and livelihood assets through cash transfer.
- Awareness sessions will be conducted to beneficiaries’ well-being including economic literacy, health and nutrition, monsoon preparedness, and hygiene promotion to reduce communities’ vulnerability in different aspects.
- To contribute to the recovery of the local market through cash transferred to the targeted beneficiaries.
- To strengthen communities’ resilience and restore a sense of safety which align with NER’s overall goal.
Targeted households are those living in dire poverty (with a monthly income less than or equal to NRS 7500, which account for half of the poverty line). But households which bear 3 or more of the following vulnerable factors will be prioritized:
- Reside at 1,500 meter altitude or above
- Child-headed households
- Female-headed households
- Households with pregnant and lactating women
- Households with elderly dependent (above 60) who do not receive other support
- Households with physically/ mentally challenged dependents
- Households with more than 5 dependents
- Socially excluded group (such as Dalits)
- Targeted beneficiaries will have access to the basic needs such as food, shelter, health, education, medicine, transportation.
- Reduced economic vulnerability will make targeted beneficiaries (approx. 9750 HHs) less susceptible to different form of deprivation.
- Targeted beneficiaries will be well aware and known about wellbeing’ topics reflecting in their behaviors in daily life.